Important Issues For Pregnant Women Concerning Dental Amalgam And Invisalign, Brisbane
Dental amalgam and invisalign are two forms of treatments for dental issues. Brisbane orthodontists are always aware of the critical issues regarding such treatments despite their effectiveness. If you are a pregnant woman you should apply some extra set of precautions.
Dental Amalgam Issues For Pregnant Women
Dental amalgam is a form of dental filling used to treat teeth cavities that occur due to tooth decay. The issue of concern with dental amalgam has to do with the fact that it is an alloy of mercury and other metals. Furthermore, pregnant women are generally advised to minimize any exposure to foreign substances, which includes materials applied in dental restorations.
Although dental amalgam is generally considered safe by the Australian Dental Association, just as the associations in Austria and Germany, it discourages use of dental amalgam for pregnant women, during breastfeeding, in children and for people with kidney problems.
A transcript in the 2010 dental products panel of the United States Food and Drug Administration details some of the health risks concerning dental amalgam during pregnancy and in children. A link exists between use of amalgam fillings for pregnant women and the occurrence of cleft pallet. In fact, the number of amalgam fillings correlates with the measures of mercury levels in breast milk and the mother’s blood. This increases the risk of affecting an unborn fetus or a suckling baby. It is also interesting to note that this issue concerning mercury is also the reason why pregnant women are advised against eating certain types of fish or seafood.
However, despite this issue, dental amalgam fillings still poses superior properties compared to alternative materials used in dental treatments. This is because dental amalgam is a long-lasting and affordable treatment. Other forms of direct restorative materials also exist in dentistry. These include the glass ionomers and composite resins. Some indirect restorative materials also exist, but at much higher costs.
Invisalign Issues For Pregnant Women
Invisalign is simply a form of orthodontic treatment that makes use of transparent removable teeth aligners. This presents an aesthetically appealing alternative to metal braces. The main issue regarding invisalign during pregnancy has to do with gum disease.
Gum disease occurs when the periodontal tissues which support the teeth are irritated by toxins from bacteria. These bacteria are found in dental plaque accumulating along gum margins. The hormonal changes experienced during pregnancy puts would-be mothers at higher risk of gum disease. Hence, many pregnant women would experience “pregnancy gingivitis”, which is an exaggerated response to bacterial toxins that results in redness, swelling and bleeding of the gums. In fact, a 2010 research published in the Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine indicates that pregnant women affected by periodontal disease have an increased risk of delivering pre-term, low birth weight (PLBW) babies.
Considering such health risks, pregnant women should always observe proper hygiene practices while using invisalign. Brisbane orthodontists will always encourage proper cleaning of the oral cavity when using this type of braces. If not properly cleaned, food debris may easily accumulate in the spaces between the denture and gums leading to formation of dental plaque.